By Dave Chesterton


It was only a few decades back that high-grade video production was the preserve of the expert videographer. This particular scenario has been transformed pretty much beyond recognition nowadays. In fact, the most inexpensive video camera equipment can now record moving pictures of greater quality than was possible with pro kit a decade ago. And it has become commonplace for businesses, educational institutions and college or university departments to own their very own video cameras.


The upshot regarding this, is that an increasing number of men and women are being required to craft videos for various applications in the arts and further education but without any type of instruction. However, the simplicity in use of that contemporary video equipment offers, belies the truth that shooting and editing video and turning out competent final results necessitate knowledge, skill and most of all practice.



Camera Stability



Try to keep the camera system stable. If possible, work with a photographer's tripod. Never frequently zoom in & out or perhaps pan right to left. Generally, you want to videotape at the very least :10 sec per clip. Let the movement in the shooting sequence speak for itself and you will appreciate why as soon as you're back within the editing process.

Wide, Medium or Close-Up Shots

For every single situation or event you're recording, take lots of care to get varying angles to ensure that you will have alternatives in the editing praticuilay regarding films. For instance, if you're filming a sports event, obtain the very widest angle attainable (perhaps on top of a building peering down on the participants), then obtain close-ups of the faces at the scene. Then afterwards, a number of medium clips of people from the ground level. Again, remember the ten second rule for recording every shot.



Get The Background Right

Whenever you are filming an interview or a keynote, make certain that you observe what's in the background. One will be able to move the video camera to find the ideal angle, then place the subject in front of a very good background or maybe produce a new background. When doing this, ask yourself: “will this kind of background "underpin" this narration creatively? Is it a pretty good backdrop for what is being portrayed?

Time Lapse Techniques

Time-lapse is among the most visual and cool tactics to record an activity as well as convey a compelling story. Before going out for a shoot though, think about whether the story could lend itself to a time lapse treatment. A variety of video DSLR cameras nowadays are supplied with super time lapse functions. In case they are not, just set up the video camera up on a photographer's tripod and let it roll. One will be able to always speed up the video in the editing process subsequently.

Reference Links

Basic Video Shooting Tips

3 Point Lighting Tutorial

180 Degree Rule and Other Shot Making Tips

How to Film a Dialogue Scene: Angles, Framing & Rule of Thirds

Simple Video Editing

Lighting Will Make Or Break Your Production



The exact same guidelines which are used in still photography, also apply to video filming. You should always make certain your subjects are properly lit but never over-lit. As an illustration, don't put an interview subject with their back to the sun. And don't ever place them under a tree in shade with a bright landscape in the backdrop.

It’s All About Motion

This is just one of those aptitudes which almost cannot be taught. It's a skill which grows intuitively the more you record. As soon as you miss out on a several "signature clips", you will learn to start focusing. A straightforward illustration to demonstrate this is a hockey game. Supposing that you wish to capture a competitor hitting the ball, or an insurance assessor discussing an insurance claim with a householder, you will need to foresee the particular second a ball is to be struck and start filming a handful of seconds previously. When you discover the ball has actually been hit, it is far too late. You have missed out on the moment.


This is where creative communication as well as style come into play. However ensure that the common framing methods and “rule of thirds” used in still photography are also used in live action work.

Microphone Technique


A large number of amateur videographers as well as low-cost producers do not have the privilege of an audio tech to carry a boom mike around for them. Usually the situation in budget video productions, is that the mic on top of your camera is used for audio. When that is the situation, you will have to always be conscious of where that mike is relative to the audio you are striving to capture. In the event that a person is talking, you will really need to get the digital video camera very close to that person. Otherwise, it will be really irritating for the audience when they have to strain and try to pick up what is being said. The reality is that obtaining very good sound may frequently govern your shot. So it will pay dividends to acquire some sound basics along with videography tips.

Take Care With The Zoom

Don't ever use the zoom function for close-ups. Normally, an image deteriorates whenever you zoom in on an object from a distance. In a hand-held shot situation, an object tends to be more unstable whenever it is zoomed in on. Therefore, whenever practical, take the 2 legs your mother gave you and walk up to whatever it is you would like a close up of. It will definitely look much clearer and also much more polished.

Never Overshoot

There is a popular tendency for beginners to film anything and everything. Since these individuals do not know what they are doing, they plump on the side of overshooting. Usually, most pro videographers find that for every 60 minutes of video footage, they end up using about a minute in the final film. Therefore for ten hours of shooting, they wind up with a fabulous ten minute film.

When you are starting off and have no idea what you doing, feel free to duplicate somebody else's style that you prefer. Consider it, analyze it and duplicate it exactly! At some point, you will start to establish your own approach, but this is a good means to develop and learn pro methodologies.

Just like virtually any profession like advance finance, being a video filmmaker is all about numerous details that one can only discover by doing film work and encountering on their own. The most effective way to learn is to make errors, so walk out there and start filming!

© Dave Chesterton 2017